Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Family Adjustment And Adaptation Response Model

To date, an abundance of research has provided evidence that stressful situations and circumstances in a family are associated with youth behavior problems (Brakefield, Wilson, Donenberg, 2012; Conger et al., 2002; Elkington, Bauermeister, Zimmerman, 2011; Hammack, Richards, Luo, Edlynn, Roy, 2004; Nebbitt, Tirmazi, Lombe, Cryer-Coupet, French, 2014). This association is not only empirically supported, but theoretically supported through the Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response model, which postulates that family demands (i.e. potential stressors placed upon one or more family members) interact with family capabilities (i.e. perceived physical and psychological resources; coping strategies) (Patterson, 1988, 2002). These two†¦show more content†¦These studies have focused only on single or dual stressors, such as risky sexual behavior and substance use by caregivers, substance use and maternal incarceration, or maternal incarceration by itself (Brakefield et al., 20 12; Nebbitt et al., 2014; Ruiz Kopak, 2014). However, research has indicated that the co-occurrence of stressors is more greatly intertwined than has been shown thus far in the literature on parental stress and youth behavior problems. Specifically, potential stressors including mental health problems, a history of detention, and adult substance use, which have been shown to deleteriously impact levels of familial stress, have a high likelihood of co-occurrence (Mukku, Benson, Alam, Richie, Bailey, 2012). Importantly, a recently study analyzing parental stress via a combination of caregiver substance use, mental health problems, and adult incarceration showed that higher parental stress was associated with greater rates of youth delinquency and substance use among African American youth (Voisin et al., 2016). While this an important finding, more research is needed to better illuminate the pathways that mediate direct relationship between parental distress and youth delinquency an d substance use, which is the primary aim of the current study. Substance use and delinquency among African American youth Illuminating malleable pathways that may link parental stress to youth delinquency and substance use among low-income AfricanShow MoreRelatedA Better Understanding Of The Nursing Profession And Care For Patients1392 Words   |  6 Pages definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing, explaining, predicting, and /or prescribing†( â€Å"Nursing Theories†, 2012). Throughout this paper we will explore Sister Callista Roy and her theory of adaptation to form a better understanding of the nursing profession and care for patients. 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